Home Remedy For Sore Throat

The harmattan season is here again. This season is characterized by a dry and dusty wind blowing from the Sahara Desert into the Gulf of Guinea.

The harmattan often triggers sickle cell anemia, increases risk of conjunctivitis, skin problems and respiratory tract infections including sore throat.

Causes of sore throat

Sore throats are caused by either environmental factors, viral infection or bacterial infections. The environmental factors that causes sore throat are:

  • Smoking or exposure to cigarette smoke
  • Exposure to dry air
  • Strain to your voice either by yelling
  • Exposure to allergens like mold, pollen, or other irritants

Viral Illnesses

  • Mononucleosis (kissing disease) transmitted through saliva
  • Measles and
  • Common cold

Bacterial Infection

  • Whooping cough
  • Strep throat


1. Warm Saltwater Gargle

Gargling with warm saltwater is one of the surest home remedy for sore throat. This is because,  outside its antibacterial properties, salt water has the ability to suck out water from the swollen mucous membranes. Saltwater therefore shrinks the swollen cell and soothe the pain in the throat. It also helps wash away the excess mucous and drains out your stuffy nose.

To benefit from this, dissolve half a teaspoon of salt in a cup of warm water and stir. Gag with the solution every three hours until your throat clears. Don’t swallow the water solution after gargling.

2. Get enough rest and fluids

Get Rest and Drink as much fluid as you can as this not only sends your sore throat parking but helps you to be effective all day long. To achieve this you will
need to drink plenty of fruits and warm fluids, such as teas, soups, and water.

3. Garlic

Garlic is a natural remedy for sore throat. This is because they contain a compound called allicin which destroys the bacteria that causes strep and other germs causing pain and irritation in your throat. To cure your sore throat in just 24 hours, peel a clove of garlic, cut it in half and place one piece in each cheek.  You don’t need to chew it, just suck and wait.

4. Avoid Milk

Drinking frozen dairy products can soothe your sore throat and provide you with enough calories when you don’t eat, but If your sore throat comes with congestion, it is best you to stay away from milk. The reason is because milk coats the throat, which already has excess mucus.

5. Baking soda

Baking soda is regarded as the best home remedy for sore throats because of its antibacterial properties. In a cup of warm water, add half teaspoon of baking soda and half teaspoon of salt and stir. Gargle with this solution twice in a row three times daily and your sore throat will disappear.

6. Ginger Tea

Ginger is loaded with lots of properties. It is an expectorant, which loosens and ejects mucus from your throat. Research has also shown that ginger contains anti-inflammatory properties which fight off bacteria.

To enjoy these benefits, wash ginger root thoroughly and slice into fine chunks. Put them in a pot and add a glass of water. Let it boil for 3-5 minutes. You can add some honey and squeeze in a teaspoon of lemon juice. Then take a cup and have your drink while it is warm.

7. Avoid ice water and cold food

You can avoid aggravating your sore throat by avoiding cold foods and ice water. Ice water has a way of escalating your sore throat.

8. other home remedies includes avoiding allergens and irritants like smoke, fumes and chemicals, taking throat lozenges an reducing inflammation with ibuprofen or acetaminophen.


To prevent sore throat:

  • Stop smoking
  • Wash your hands regularly especially after using the toilet
  • Identify and avoid irritants 
  • Avoid exposure to secondhand smoke
  • Use alcohol-based hand sanitizers
  • Don’t share toothbrushes

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